Archived Articles

A House Divided by Jennifer Ross

As is the human way, when we hear terms like “A house divided,” our first thoughts usually zoom in to look at our personal lives and individual homes. With the emotional understanding of what a divided house can mean, we commit ourselves to overco…

A Novelist Looks at John 3:16 by Davis Bunn

High Drama.  At its simplest, this is a story which carries a universal theme.  What is important for us to understand is how this theme need not be fully revealed until the very last moment.  In such cases, the story’s moral …

A Response to John Piper’s Article Part 1 (of 2) by Rabbi Baruch

“Israel, Palestine and the Middle East” Part 1 (of 2) The issue that Mr. Piper speaks to in the aforementioned article is indeed important and dear to my heart.  I agree with him that both Biblical and historical concerns must be taken into c…

A Response to John Piper’s Article Part 2 (of 2) by Rabbi Baruch

“Israel, Palestine and the Middle East” Part 2 (of 2) Under his third point, Mr. Piper has no trouble quoting Scripture that speaks to terrible curses that will (have been) placed upon Israel. For example he writes, “…in the terrible list o…

An Exciting First for the Fourth Gospel by E.A. Knapp

A few months ago there was a very interesting development in Israeli scholarship. For the first time – to the best of my knowledge – an Israeli press published an academic book about the Gospel of John in Hebrew. This may not sound …

Anav by Jennifer Ross

Our Father’s principles are completely interwoven with the idea of humility. In the original Hebrew text, signs of it are everywhere! Such as in the word bless, which in Hebrew means, “to kneel” (barak).  Or the Hebrew word for worship (shakh…

Be Still and Know That I Am God by Jennifer Ross

Be still and know that I AM GOD! I will be exalted among the nations. I will be exalted in the earth. The 2008 Summer Olympics were recently held in Beijing, China.  I won’t go into describing the visual and artistic scope of the openin…

Belief: Article on Belief by Jennifer Ross

Gen: 15:5-6 5Then He [the LORD] brought him [Abraham] outside and said, “Look now toward heaven, and count the stars if you are able to number them.”  And He said to him, “So shall your descendants be.&rd…

Biblical Slavery – How Bad Was It Really? by Joanna M. Saidel

As originally published in the Times of Israel, with permission of the author. “Slaves, in reverent fear of God submit yourselves to your masters, not only to those who are good and considerate, but also to those who are harsh.” (1 Peter 2:1…

Boldness and a Big Brother by Jennifer Ross

I have two big brothers.  They are eight and nine years older than me so ‘sibling rivalry’ was never an issue as it is with children closer in age.  Growing up I adored them.  I looked to them for help when I was faced w…

By The Finger of God by R. Steven Notley

Jesus’ ministry of miracles and deliverance occasionally brought him into conflict with the religious establishment of his day. One of the most intriguing controversies oncerned the accusation by a group of Pharisees—termed &…

Can A Rational Person Take the Bible Seriously Today? by John Knapp II

In the spring semester of 2003, Derrick McCarson enrolled in “Introduction to the New Testament” at the University of North Carolina. On the first day of this 500-student class the professor, Bart Ehrman walked in and started abruptly,…

Comments from the dead: Zionist philosophy, Israeli politics and a double assassination By Joanna M. Saidel

As a doctoral candidate, researching Revisionist Zionism in America during the 1940s and the campaign there to win public support for Israeli statehood, I conducted a series of interviews, at first by phone and later in person, with a number of hi…

Congratulations, Dan Shechtman! by John Knapp II

[Israel—past, present, and future—is close to the heart of the Seed of Abraham Ministries.  So we pause in our usual Bible-related teaching to highlight a recent high honor received by a citizen in that tiny country the size of N…

Covenant of Salt – You Gotta Serve Somebody by Chris Suitt

A number of years ago, during his “Christian” phase, Bob Dylan wrote a song called “Gotta Serve Somebody.”  In this song, Dylan mentions all kinds of people, lifestyles, and professions.  Yet the bottom line for e…

Daniel and the Messiah Part 1 (Daniel 9:24-27) by Rabbi Baruch

One of the most important prophecies in the Bible appears in Daniel 9:24-27.  In order to understand this prophecy, one must be very familiar with its context.  Chapter nine opens up with Daniel trying to understand the prophecy of Jerem…

Daniel and the Messiah Part 2 by Rabbi Baruch

We learned in the previous article that the Messiah must come prior to the destruction of the Second Temple 68 AD; that He would offer His life in atonement for sin and thereby establish a covenant through His blood. In this article we will see th…

Daniel and the Messiah Part 2 continued by Rabbi Baruch

We have learned already that when Messiah returns to earth to establish His Kingdom, He will arrive from the clouds at the Mount of Olives. He will descend the mountain, much like when He entered Jerusalem (Forty years before the destruction of th…

Did the Messiah Speak Aramaic or Hebrew? (Part 1) by E.A.Knapp

What language(s) did the Messiah and other Jews speak during the late Second Temple Period? Most students of the Bible will be quick to volunteer Greek and Aramaic, but is this the whole story? Mel Gibson apparently thought so when he had the scri…

Did the Messiah Speak Aramaic or Hebrew? (Part 2) by E.A.Knapp

In the first installment of this study we looked at instances where the “Aramaic” (Συριστι) or “Hebrew” (Εβραιστι ) language was specifically referred to by name in the New Testament. As it turns out there are eight explicit citations of Hebrew an…

Did the Messiah Speak Aramaic or Hebrew? (Part 3) by E.A.Knapp

Aramaic Words and Names in the New Testament In the first two studies we took a brief look at Aramaic and the role it is said to have played in the events and composition of the New Testament. Coupled with this we took a look at several passages …

Did the Messiah Speak Aramaic or Hebrew? (Part 4) by E.A.Knapp

In our quest to determine the language(s) of Yeshua we have examined the explicit mentions of “Aramaic” or ”Hebrew” in the New Testament, as well as several instances where Matthew and Mark transliterated words or phrases i…

Do Christians Have to Keep the Torah? The Cases of Matthew and Luke-Acts by Isaac W. Oliver

If in the past many supposed that any substantial attachment by Christians to the observance of Jewish customs essentially vanished after the first generation of Jewish followers of Jesus passed away, it is now conceivable that many Christians rem…

Does Biblical Archaeology Help The Case For Biblical Reliability? Page 1 by Walter C. Kaiser, Jr.

In many academic circles today, “Biblical Archaeology” is a disappearing discipline that has often been replaced by “Syro-Palestinian Archaeology” or “Ancient Near Eastern Archaeology.”  While the reasons f…

Does Biblical Archaeology Help The Case For Biblical Reliability? Page 2 by Walter C.Kaiser, Jr

II. MISSING PEOPLES MENTIONED IN THE BIBLE Genesis 10:15 mentioned the ”Hittites” as descendants of Canaan, but up until 1906, this was also regarded as another error by post Enlightenment scholars. But in 1906, Hugo Winckler began exc…

Does God Exist? by John Knapp II

At the post office, when I handed over my Earth Is Not Alone¹ to be sent priority mail to the Harvard-Smithsonian for Astrophysics, I got both the look and the question: “Does this package contain anything potentially hazardous?&r…

Earth Is Not Alone… Perhaps by John Knapp II

“Will there be fiction in Heaven?” asks the English teacher.  “After all, if there’s no conflict there’s no story.” Since I suspect the answer is “No,” I’ve been scrambling before it&rsquo…

Evangelicals and Israel by Robert W. Nicholson

At a time when the state of Israel lies under existential threat from jihadist Islam, and under ideological and diplomatic assault in foreign ministries, international organizations, churches, universities, editorial offices, and other circles of …

Excerpts From David Flusser’s :The Sage of Galilee”

The late David Flusser was one of the world’s foremost Jewish authorities on the New Testament and early Christianity. The Sage from Galilee is Flusser’s biography of Jesus (written in collaboration with his student, R. Steve…

Fall Protection by Jennifer Ross

The last time I wrote I was b’midbar (in the wilderness). I encourage you to read that article to get a point of reference for this one. Ha’Shem led me to the appointed place at the appointed time to work out His established purpo…

Fire in the hole: Blasting the Altalena by Joanna Saidel

As originally published in the Times of Israel, with permission of the author. Sixty-five years after the Irgun ship was shelled by order of Ben-Gurion, with the loss of 16 lives, previously unpublished interviews with several interested parties u…

First Century Discipleship by David Bivin

The call to be a sage’s disciple in first-century Israel often meant leaving relatives and friends and traveling the country under austere conditions. It also meant total commitment. A prospective disciple first had to be sure his priorities…

Freedom and the Vultures by Jennifer Ross

As I was driving to work the other day I came upon a common scene.  A group of turkey vultures were eating a dead raccoon that had been killed in the middle of the road.  The beauty and intricacy of nature has always, always held a speci…

Good Doctrine Makes Good Talmidim (Disciples) by Rabbi Baruch

There is no question that over the past several decades the believing community has placed less significance on proper doctrine for those who identify themselves as followers of Messiah Yeshua.  Within the evangelical world there has bee…

Hanukkah: Cleansing and Dedication by Jennifer Ross

“For the victory of battle stands not in the multitude of a host; but strength comes from heaven.” 1 Maccabees 3:19 The Festival of Hanukkah fast approaches. Although it is not one of the seven Feasts G-d commands His people to observe…

Happy Holidays! by John Knapp II

No, this isn’t a secular greeting. But it does concern this season when many who love the Bible stop and think about what matters most. I share my thoughts here, not as a natural-born son of Abraham, but as one who’s been gratefully …

How It Came About: From Saturday to Sunday by Samuele Bacchiocchi

Roman repressive measures following the first and second Jewish revolts spurred Christian change to Sunday worship. Scholars have long debated how the first day of the week—Sunday—came to be adopted by a majority of Christian…

How Much? How Big? and Why? by John Knapp II

—A Multiverse for the Day— “I am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End.  I will give of the fountain of water of life freely to him who thirsts.” —Rev. 21:6  NKJV    Fr…

I Sold My Soul on EBay and other Christmas gift ideas for readers… by John Knapp II

For caring Bible-believers who wish to grow, and don’t mind stepping a bit beyond the church lawn, out of sight of the worship hall, these words are for you.  It’s risky to read, of course, but for most who seriously ponder God an…

I’m Dead, Now What? Part 1 by Rabbi Baruch

What happens to a person when he or she dies is a very important question. The Bible speaks in a most clear manner to this issue. In this article we will take a brief, but comprehensive look at what Scripture declares on this subject. Death was me…

I’m Dead, Now What? Part 2 by Rabbi Baurch

The Firstborn From the Dead The Bible states in several places that Messiah Yeshua is the Firstborn from the dead. Just what does this phrase mean? There are some who say that although others were raised from the dead that they all eventually died…

Immanuel by Rabbi Baruch

There is a great deal of significance of the word “son.”  Generally speaking, there are three uses for the word “son” in Hebrew thought. The first usage is the most common. A son is a male child, for example “For a child is born to us, a Son …

In Regard to Jesus of Nazareth by Rabbi Baruch

An Examination of the works of Rabbi Tovia Singer &The Late Rabbi Aryeh Kaplan In regard to Jesus of Nazareth A Publication of V’ahavtah Yisroel Judaism and Christianity share a belief in a Messiah. The identity of this Messiah …

In That Day by Jennifer Ross

Woe to those desiring the day of the LORD!  What is this for you?  The day of the LORD is darkness, not light.  Amos 5:18 So said the LORD, our G-d; the God of Israel when speaking of the impending judgment set for the people of Jud…

In The Beginning GOD…- But When Was That? by John Knapp II

—A Multiverse for the Day— “I am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End.  I will give of the fountain of water of life freely to him who thirsts.” —Rev. 21:6  NKJV    Fr…

In the Wilderness, B’Midbar by Jennifer Ross

Have you ever found yourself wandering in a place in your life that is dark, foreign and foreboding? Maybe it’s troubles with finances. Maybe its family or health issues. And considering current economic times it could be everything rolled i…

Isaiah’s Messianic Picture by Rabbi Baruch

We have already seen in a previous article that the character of Messiah is expressed in the commandments of the Torah. In other words, Messiah will perfectly observe the Torah and be a living example of righteousness. We shall see (in the second …

Israel’s Borders and Nationhood History by Gary Ridenour

Illustrations To read this article complete with maps open the PDF file.   ISRAEL’S BORDERS & NATIONHOOD HISTORY  A Generalized Summary of Events & Peoples    July 25, 2014   Gary T. Ri…

It Is What It Is by Jennifer Ross

What does someone mean when they say “G-d knows my heart”? While I am uncertain as to whether or not I have ever said these words to someone else…I do know that I have thought them.  And upon closer inspection I can te…

Jesus and Elijah in Luke 4:15-30 by Jack Poirier

If our goal is to understand the Bible on its own terms, there is an evident danger in creating new typological associations between the Gospel narrative and Old Testament events. At the same time, however, we cannot turn our back on typology alto…

Jesus’ View of Pacifism by David Bivin

The idea that Jesus taught pacifism arose primarily due to the misunderstanding of a number of his sayings. When viewed from a Jewish perspective, the gospel passages on which pacifism is based point to a quite different conclusion. Many people ov…

Jewish Identity and the Torah Part 1 by Rabbi Baruch

Jewish Identity and the Torah Being Jewish is a blessing that comes with a responsibility. In order to understand both the blessing and the responsibility one needs to study G-d’s call to Abraham in Genesis chapter 12. Abraham was born a gentile w…

Jewish Identity and the Torah Part 2 by Rabbi Baruch

Jewish Identity and the Torah – Part 2 Part one finished with the idea that the Torah is not in force today. Therefore it is incorrect to speak about Torah observance in the sense that an individual can keep Torah law. I am not speaking about the …

Jewish Identity and the Torah Part 3 by Rabbi Baruch

Jewish Identity and the Torah – Part 3 In this third and final article, dealing with the relationship between the Torah and Jewish Identity, I will respond to a growing perspective within Messianic Judaism that Gentiles are not under the same mand…

Jewish Laws of Purity in Jesus’ Day by Marvin R. Wilson

JEWISH LAWS OF PURITY IN JESUS’ DAY The sages were required to interpret the biblical commandments, including those dealing with ritual uncleanness of menstruants. Rabbinic regulations about impurity caused by menstruation form the backgroun…

Legos and Change by John Knapp II

LEGOS AND CHANGE: What Do You Tell a Child about Evolution?    And What About Intelligent Design? Whether you’re a regular reader of the Torah Class website, or not, I’ll assume you have some questions about evolution&hellip…

Love Shine by Jennifer Ross

G-d loves you.  Do you believe that?  Many of us are so tainted and so ‘on guard’ due to experiences in this world… we don’t even understand what love is.  And we allow these negative experiences to blind ou…

Mashiach with Certainty Part 1 by Rabbi Baruch

Rambam, the famous rabbinical commentator of the 12th century, authored 13 Principles of Judaism.  One of them deals with the concept of Messiah. “I believe with a perfect faith in the coming of the Messiah.  And even though he tarries, …

Mashiach with Certainty Part 2 by Rabbi Baruch

All commentators see a connection between the city of Bethlehem and Messiah.  The question is what is this relationship?  Micah the prophet clarifies this issue in chapter 4.  In this chapter, Micah begins to speak about the last da…

Messiah and Isaiah 53 by Rabbi Baruch

There is no doubt that Isaiah chapter 53 is speaking of Israel’s Suffering Servant, for the passage immediately preceding this chapter says, “Behold My Servant will succeed, He will be exalted and lifted up and be very high. Just as many will…

Messiah and the Spirit of God by Rabbi Baruch

The story of the Exodus from Egypt makes it clear that man is unable to redeem himself; only G-d can be the redeemer. This is why the children of Israel cried out to HaShem (Ex. 2:23-24) during their oppression. G-d heard their cries and raised up…

Messiah In the Promise Plan of God Part 1 by Walter C. Kaiser, Jr.

Although it may not seem to make much of a difference whether we think of the Tanak’s (old Testament/ OT) words about Messiah’s person and work as being either scattered “predictions” found throughout the Old Testament or …

Messiah In the Promise Plan of God Part 2 by Walter C. Kaiser, Jr.

IV.  The Messiah Predicted in the Latter Prophets One would have thought that the promise-plan of Messiah would have ended when the predictions made to Eve, Shem, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob and David were over.  Surprisingly enough, this wa…

Minchah Prayer 01-02-19

The new day and new year… in them, may we pursue glorifying You Father.May we not forget the lessons taught and lessons learned that are behind us.May yesterdays not be a place to dwell but a remembrance, of cheer and of soberness, a refere…

Minchah Prayer 01-08-20

“Whoever offers thanksgiving as his sacrifice honors me; and to him who goes the right way I will show the salvation of God.” You have given us Your “right way” to obey and live by and we are thankful Father, truly thankfu…

Minchah Prayer 01-09-19

Father, train us and gift us to be Prayer Warriors for one another. May we listen closely to, read slowly and carefully, the request being made. The few words speak of a reality, of real circumstances a brother or sister or fellow human being is l…

Minchah Prayer 01-10-18

Father, thank You for rain water, that peculiar substance which falls from the sky, penetrates and soaks and dissolves even the hardest of earthen things You have created. It carries with it what is needed to nourish, delivering it with its soak…

Minchah Prayer 01-15-20

May it be Father, that each and every day,we feel as though we have forgotten something,feel as if there is something we need to do,if we don’t first start in conversation with You. May that behavior be born out of our love for YouAnd c…

Minchah Prayer 01-16-19

Father, a new day is upon us. As we wake to it Father, we can greet and be greeted by You and in that beginning, before we give ourselves over to the activities of the day, there is a spot of gladness in our spirit because we have You. And that i…

Minchah Prayer 01-22-20

Father, You love us. It is a reality that we just know is true. In our spirits we can sense it. And there is comfort in that, a sense of having worth, of belonging to and being cared for. We do not have to fear we have no value. Teach us Your l…

Minchah Prayer 01-23-19

You who steals, kills, and destroys, get away from us! GET OUT! You taint the blessing and exploit the troubles that test, to separate us from Yahweh. You lean close to our ear and whisper truths and half truths and lies, about ourselves and ab…

Minchah Prayer 01-24-18

We are easily disappointed Father. We make our plans and work towards our goals and just when we think we are on the right track, things are going well, something happens that we had not counted on that interferes or threatens or makes more cost…

Minchah Prayer 01-29-20

Father, on waking to a new day bring to mind the one with whom we are in covenant, our mate, in this life. As we lie there may what comes to remembrance include the beginning, that time when we were captivated by one another, arranged our daily p…

Minchah Prayer 01-30-19

Father, the storms of rain and wind and cold freezing snow come and if we have something as simple as four walls and a roof we are blessed. If we have food in the cabinets we are blessed. If it can be cooled or warmed, if it is dry, this shelter, …

Minchah Prayer 01-31-18

Father, as we listen to our leaders and hear from them their reports on the state of our country we wonder if they are talking about the same nation. On the one hand everything is going well and on the other hand so much is wrong. The only thin…

Minchah Prayer 02-05-20

Father, may we use every heart beat and every breath You have given us for this day to live searching for and taking hold of the truths of Your Word and apply them to the way we conduct our lives. Initially as we listen to our leaders and hear of…

Minchah Prayer 02-06-19

Father, the same sun that rises and sheds it’s light on a new day full of the beauty of Your creation, of anticipation and blessing, for some, rises and sheds its light on a day for which there is trouble and joy draining circumstances for o…

Minchah Prayer 02-07-18

“Stay united with Me,… as I will with you… I am the vine… and you are the branches… Just as My Father has loved me,… I too have loved you;… so stay in my love… I am giving you my Shalom.&rdqu…

Minchah Prayer 02-13-19

“…For our fathers have died, and everything goes on just as it has since the beginning of creation…” Father, sometimes it seems like our efforts are futile. It makes no difference what we say or do, nothing changes and t…

Minchah Prayer 02-14-18

The earth is the Lord’s and the fullness there of. When we say those words it’s like talking at the table about someone with one another… when that person is right there with us. The earth is Yours… Father… and…

Minchah Prayer 02-20-19

Father, You made everything for its purpose and gave it a season.   Thank You Father in particular for those You have given us to be our close friends, for a set time and purpose.   Or maybe its forever. What do I know?   All we kno…

Minchah Prayer 02-21-18

Father… we need You. Is “need”, even the right word? Father does it only describe part of our condition? The blind and the discerning eye both, see creation, all of its vastness and intricacies, all of its beauty and order, i…

Minchah Prayer 02-27-19

You are awesome Yahweh! We know in our minds You match the definition of that word and say a truth. But Father our struggle is in experiencing the truth of that word, to actually be overcome, undone, before You in our quiet moments of prayer, whe…

Minchah Prayer 02-28-18

Good morning Father. What a beautiful day it is. I haven’t even looked out the open window yet but I can feel the cool morning air and hear the sounds of Your creatures already active outside, engaged in their daily routines. I can visuali…

Minchah Prayer 03-06-19

Who is safe from the attacks of the enemy Father? When will the last prayer for healing, for strength and wisdom, for protection and deliverance be needed? We rise from presenting to You our requests on behalf of those around us and on behalf of o…

Minchah Prayer 03-07-18

Yesterday, Father, the sky was high and intense blue, the air cool, the sun warm. Today there is grey sky of low clouds, the air wet and chilling with no sun to brighten or warm. How quickly things can change, Father, and they can be for better…

Minchah Prayer 03-11-20

Father draw us into the comfort of Your good and goodness. You created goodness and beauty in the beginning and desire it for us, that we have it, that we live it, that we be it ourselves. In Your vast power and ever presence, in Your perfect just…

Minchah Prayer 03-13-19

Father, when Your Messenger spoke with Z’kharyah and told him Elisheva would bear him a son. He questioned out of disbelief and wanted an explanation so that he could be sure. When Your Messenger spoke with Miryam, she wanted to know how it…

Minchah Prayer 03-18-20

Father, how uplifting it is in times of trouble to witness how many choose to behave with patience and kindness  and helpfulness, when Father the temptation and choice is there to behave with impatience, unkindness and an inward focus, a disr…

Minchah Prayer 03-20-19

The clouds are dark and heavy laden and still, Father. Vapor thickens to liquid. You craft tiny little droplets of water, myriad billions, and they fall to the earth. Droplets look alike but each is its own entity with its own shape, a tiny collec…

Minchah Prayer 03-21-18

Father, thank You for the days You give us and that You are there with us throughout. Thank You for brightness of clear cool mornings, for the shadowy darkness of thick clouds pushing forward with wind and rain, the vast expanse and variety and …

Minchah Prayer 03-25-2020

Father, a simple prayer this morning we offer up and carry with us throughout the day and that is, concerning our leaders Father… that this might be… That the pressures and stresses they are experiencing because of this sickness that threatens us …

Minchah Prayer 03-27-19

“Yet even now,” says Adonai, “turn to me with all your heart, with fasting, weeping and lamenting.” What hope there is, and thank You for it, in Your Words to us. No matter that we have strayed, become distant from You, disregarded You, on purpose…

Minchah Prayer 03-28-18

Father, our days have blessings and they have troublings. Far too often we allow ourselves to become so affected by the troubles that we can hardly think of anything else and far too often we allow them to weaken our peace, our joy and our prais…

Minchah Prayer 04-01-20

“Are not two sparrows sold for a farthing? And one of them shall not fall on the ground without your Father.” Matthew 10:29 AKJV. Without You Father, may we never be. In a quiet, isolated wood a tiny bird falls from a limb but You know because You…

Minchah Prayer 04-04-19

We go to our beds Father, tired. “Oh thank you” these bodies say to us as we lay down. Thank You Father, for the way some things turned out today. Some things that did not go so well will have to be addressed tomorrow or, just accepted as they are…

Minchah Prayer 04-08-2020

Father, thank You. Thank You for the innocent blood that saved the lives of Your people who trusted and obeyed, so many years ago in Egypt. Thank You for the innocent blood of Your Son that saves the lives of all Your created beings who have and d…

Minchah Prayer 04-10-19

Father, thank you for the shepherds.Thank You Father for the ones You have called to that task and who have obediently responded,for those who offer up daily the best of their time and energies and focus for those you have placed in their care,for…

Minchah Prayer 04-11-17

Looking back, the project, started with purpose and energy and a sense that we’re going to get this done. The end was somewhat the same, the last big push to finish. The product is done, the service provided, energy surges as the finish lin…

Minchah Prayer 04-14-2021

A more opportune time Lord…we’ll pause and wait for the more opportune time. We’ll know that time when it comes, it will feel right, we’ll be in the mood, all the pieces will come together, it will not be awkward, clouded with uncertainty, it’ll b…
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